Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)

v3.22.2.2
Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies (Policies)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2022
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation Basis of PresentationOur unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Ranger Oil and all of our subsidiaries as of the relevant dates. Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. A substantial noncontrolling interest in our subsidiaries is provided for in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income and our condensed consolidated balance sheets for the periods presented. Our condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and the rules and regulations of the Securities Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Preparation of these statements involves the use of estimates and judgments where appropriate. In the opinion of management, all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of our condensed consolidated financial statements have been included. Certain reclassifications have been made to prior period amounts to conform to the current period presentation. Such reclassifications did not have a material impact on prior period financial statements. Our condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021 (“2021 Annual Report”). Operating results for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full year.
Principles of Consolidation
Principles of Consolidation
In January 2021, Ranger Oil completed a reorganization into an Up-C structure with JSTX and Rocky Creek. Under the Up-C structure, Juniper owns all of the shares of the Company’s Class B Common Stock which are non-economic voting only shares of the Company. Juniper’s economic interest in the Company is held through its ownership of limited partner interests (the “Common Units”) in the Partnership. Pursuant to the amended and restated limited partnership agreement of the Partnership (the “Partnership Agreement”), the Company’s ownership of Common Units in the Partnership at all times equals the number of shares of the Company’s Class A Common Stock then outstanding, and Juniper’s ownership of Common Units in the Partnership at all times equals the number of shares of Class B Common Stock then outstanding. The Partnership was formed for the purpose of executing the Company’s reorganization with Juniper into an Up-C structure. The Partnership, through its subsidiaries, owns, operates, and manages oil and gas properties in Texas and manages the Company’s outstanding debt and derivative instruments. The Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, ROCC Energy Holdings GP LLC (formerly, PV Energy Holdings GP, LLC, the “GP”), is the general partner of the Partnership. Subsidiaries of the Partnership own and operate all our oil and gas assets. Ranger Oil and the Partnership are holding companies with no other operations, material cash flows, or material assets or liabilities other than the equity interests in their subsidiaries.
The Common Units are redeemable (concurrently with the cancellation of an equivalent number of shares of Class B Common Stock) by Juniper at any time on a one-for-one basis in exchange for shares of Class A Common Stock or, if the Partnership elects, cash based on the 5-day average volume-weighted closing price for the Class A Common Stock immediately prior to the redemption. In determining whether to make a cash election, the Company would consider the interests of the holders of the Class A Common Stock, the Company’s financial condition, results of operations, earnings, projections, liquidity and capital requirements, management’s assessment of the intrinsic value of the Class A Common Stock, the trading price of the Class A Common Stock, legal requirements, covenant compliance, restrictions in the Company’s debt agreements and other factors it deems relevant. The Partnership is considered a variable interest entity for which the Company is the primary beneficiary. The Company has benefits in the Partnership through the Common Units, and it has power over the activities most significant to the Partnership’s economic performance through its 100% controlling interest in the GP (which, accordingly, is acting as an agent on behalf of the Company). This conclusion was based on a qualitative analysis that considered the Partnership’s governance structure and the GP’s control over operations of the Partnership. The GP manages the business and affairs of the Partnership, including key Partnership decision-making, and the limited partners do not possess any substantive participating or kick-out rights that would allow Juniper to block or participate in certain operational and financial decisions that most significantly impact the Partnership’s economic performance or that would remove the GP. As such, because the Company has both power and benefits in the Partnership, the Company determined it is the primary beneficiary of the Partnership and consolidates the Partnership in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. The Company reflects a noncontrolling interest in the consolidated financial statements based on the proportion of Common Units owned by Juniper relative to the total number of Common Units outstanding. The noncontrolling interest is presented as a component of equity in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements and represents the ownership interest held by Juniper in the Partnership.
Noncontrolling Interest
Noncontrolling Interest
The noncontrolling interest percentage may be affected by the issuance of shares of Class A Common Stock, repurchases or cancellation of Class A Common Stock, the exchange of Class B Common Stock and the redemption of Common Units (and concurrent cancellation of Class B Common Stock), among other things. The percentage is based on the proportionate number of Common Units held by Juniper relative to the total Common Units outstanding. As of September 30, 2022, the Company owned 19,422,156 Common Units, representing a 46.3% limited partner interest in the Partnership, and Juniper owned 22,548,998 Common Units, representing the remaining 53.7% limited partner interest. As of December 31, 2021, the Company owned 21,090,259 Common Units, representing a 48.3% limited partner interest in the Partnership, and Juniper owned 22,548,998 Common Units, representing the remaining 51.7% limited partner interest. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, changes in the ownership interests were the result of share repurchases and issuances of Class A Common Stock in connection with the vesting of employees’ share-based compensation. See Note 12 for information regarding share repurchases and Note 13 for vesting of share-based compensation.
When the Company’s relative ownership interest in the Partnership changes, adjustments to Noncontrolling interest and Paid-in capital, tax effected, will occur. Because these changes in the ownership interest in the Partnership do not result in a change of control, the transactions are accounted for as equity transactions under Accounting Standards Codification Topic 810, Consolidation, which requires that any differences between the carrying value of the Company’s basis in the Partnership and the fair value of the consideration received are recognized directly in equity and attributed to the controlling interest. Additionally, based on the Partnership Agreement, there are no substantive profit sharing arrangements that would cause distributions to be other than pro rata. Therefore, profits and losses are attributed to the common shareholders and noncontrolling interest pro rata based on ownership interests in the Partnership.
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash
Cash and cash equivalents includes cash and highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase. Restricted cash represents cash that is not readily available for general purpose cash needs. As of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had no cash equivalents or restricted cash.
Of the $446.8 million in total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash presented on the condensed consolidated statement of cash flows as of September 30, 2021, the Company had cash of $35.3 million, restricted cash – current of $15.4 million and restricted cash – non-current of $396.1 million. The restricted cash related to the net proceeds received from the offering of senior unsecured notes and certain additional funds that were held in escrow and subsequently released upon the acquisition of Lonestar Resources US Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Lonestar”). See Note 3 for additional information on this acquisition and Note 7 for additional information on the senior unsecured notes.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
We consider the applicability and impact of all Accounting Standard Updates (“ASUs”). ASUs not listed below were assessed and determined to be not applicable.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
In October 2021, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued ASU 2021-08, Business Combinations (Topic 805): (“ASU 2021-08”): Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2021-08 amends Topic 805 to require the acquirer in a business combination to record contract assets and contract liabilities in accordance with Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) at acquisition as if it had originated the contract, rather than at fair value. This update is effective for public companies beginning after December 15, 2022, with early adoption permitted. Adoption should be applied prospectively to business combinations occurring on or after the effective date of the amendments unless early adoption occurs during an interim period in which other application rules apply. We do not expect the adoption of this update to have a material impact to our financial statements.
Fair Value Measurements
We used the following methods and assumptions to estimate fair values for the financial assets and liabilities described below:
Commodity derivatives: We determine the fair values of our commodity derivative instruments using industry-standard models that consider various assumptions including current market and contractual prices for the underlying instruments, implied volatilities, time value and non-performance risk. For the current market prices, we use third-party quoted forward prices, as applicable, for NYMEX WTI, Magellan East Houston (“MEH”) crude oil, NYMEX HH natural gas and OPIS Mt. Belv Ethane natural gas liquids closing prices as of the end of the reporting periods. Each of these is a Level 2 input.
Interest rate swaps: We determined the fair values of our interest rate swaps using an income approach valuation technique which discounts future cash flows back to a single present value. We estimated the fair value of the swaps based on published interest rate yield curves as of the date of the estimate. Each of these was a Level 2 input. All interest rate swaps matured in May 2022, and as of September 30, 2022, we had not entered into any new interest rate derivative instruments.
Non-performance risk is incorporated by utilizing discount rates adjusted for the credit risk of our counterparties if the derivative is in an asset position, and our own credit risk if the derivative is in a liability position.
Revenue
Crude oil. We sell our crude oil production to our customers at either the wellhead or a contractually agreed-upon delivery point, including certain regional central delivery point terminals or pipeline inter-connections. We recognize revenue when control transfers to the customer considering factors associated with custody, title, risk of loss and other contractual provisions as appropriate. Pricing is based on a market index with adjustments for product quality, location differentials and, if applicable, deductions for intermediate transportation. Costs incurred by us for gathering and transporting the products to an agreed-upon delivery point are recognized as a component of gathering, processing and transportation expense (“GPT”) in our condensed consolidated statements of operations.
NGLs. We have natural gas processing contracts in place with certain midstream processing vendors. We deliver “wet” natural gas to our midstream processing vendors at the inlet of their processing facilities through gathering lines, certain of which we own and others which are owned by gathering service providers. Subsequent to processing, NGLs are delivered or transported to a third-party customer. Depending upon the nature of the contractual arrangements with the midstream processing vendors regarding the marketing of the NGL products, we recognize revenue for NGL products on either a gross or net basis. For those contracts where we have determined that we are the principal, and the ultimate third party is our customer, we recognize revenue on a gross basis, with associated processing costs presented as GPT expenses. For those contracts where we have determined that we are the agent and the midstream processing vendor is our customer, we recognize NGL product revenues on a net basis with processing costs presented as a reduction of revenue.
Natural gas. Subsequent to the processing of “wet” natural gas and the separation of NGL products, the “dry” or residue gas is purchased by the processor or delivered to us at the tailgate of the midstream processing vendors’ facilities and sold to a third-party customer. We recognize revenue when control transfers to the customer considering factors associated with custody, title, risk of loss and other contractual provisions as appropriate. Pricing is based on a market index with adjustments for product quality and location differentials, as applicable. Costs incurred by us for gathering and transportation from the wellhead through the processing facilities are recognized as a component of GPT in our condensed consolidated statements of operations.
We record revenue in the month that our oil and gas production is delivered to our customers. However, the collection of revenues from oil and gas production may take up to 60 days following the month of production. Therefore, we make accruals for revenues and accounts receivable based on estimates of our share of production sold. We record any differences, which historically have not been significant, between the actual amounts ultimately received and the original estimates in the period they become finalized.
We apply a practical expedient which provides for an exemption from disclosure of the transaction price allocated to remaining performance obligations if the performance obligation is part of a contract that has an original expected duration of one year or less. Under our commodity product sales contracts, we bill our customers and recognize revenue when our performance obligations have been satisfied. At that time, we have determined that payment is unconditional. Accordingly, our commodity sales contracts do not create contract assets or liabilities.
Oil and Gas Properties Policy At the end of each quarterly reporting period, the unamortized cost of our oil and gas properties, net of deferred income taxes, is limited to the sum of the estimated after-tax discounted future net revenues from proved properties adjusted for costs excluded from amortization (the “Ceiling Test”). The Ceiling Test utilizes commodity prices based on a trailing 12-month average based on the closing prices on the first day of each month.
Share-Based Payment Arrangement Compensation expense for RSUs is recognized on a straight-line basis over the applicable vesting period, which is generally over a three-year period.Compensation expense for PRSUs with a performance condition is recognized on a straight-line basis over three years when it is considered probable that the performance condition will be achieved and such grants are expected to vest. PRSUs with a market condition do not allow for the reversal of previously recognized expense, even if the market condition is not achieved and no shares ultimately vest.
Earnings Per Share
Basic net earnings (loss) per share is calculated by dividing the net income (loss) available to common shareholders, excluding net income or loss attributable to Noncontrolling interest, by the weighted average common shares outstanding for the period.
In computing diluted earnings (loss) per share, basic net earnings (loss) per share is adjusted based on the assumption that dilutive RSUs and PRSUs have vested and outstanding Common Units (and shares of Class B Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share (“Class B Common Stock”) as applicable to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and Series A Preferred Stock, par value $0.01 per share (“Series A Preferred Stock”) as applicable to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021) held by the Noncontrolling interest in the Partnership are exchanged for common shares. Accordingly, our reported net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders is adjusted due to the elimination of the Noncontrolling interest assuming exchange of the Common Units (and shares of Class B Common Stock as applicable to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and Series A Preferred Stock as applicable to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021) held by the Noncontrolling interest.