Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Derivative Instruments

Derivative Instruments
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2023
Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities Disclosure [Abstract]  
Derivative Instruments
Note 5 – Derivative Instruments
We utilize derivative instruments, typically swaps, put options and call options which are placed with financial institutions that we believe are acceptable credit risks, to mitigate our financial exposure to commodity price volatility associated with anticipated sales of our future production and volatility in interest rates attributable to our variable rate debt instruments. Our derivative instruments are not designated as hedges for accounting purposes. While the use of derivative instruments limits the risk of adverse commodity price and interest rate movements, such use may also limit the beneficial impact of future product revenues and interest expense from favorable commodity price and interest rate movements. From time to time, we may enter into incremental derivative contracts in order to increase the notional volume of production we are hedging, restructure existing derivative contracts or enter into other derivative contracts resulting in modification to the terms of existing contracts. In accordance with our internal policies, we do not utilize derivative instruments for speculative purposes.
For our commodity derivatives, we typically combine swaps, purchased put options, purchased call options, sold put options and sold call options in order to achieve various hedging objectives. Certain of these objectives result in combinations that operate as collars which include purchased put options and sold call options, three-way collars, which include purchased put options, sold put options and sold call options, and enhanced swaps, which include either sold put options or sold call options with the associated premiums rolled into an enhanced fixed price swap, among others.
Commodity Derivatives 1
The following table sets forth our commodity derivative positions, presented on a net basis by period of maturity, as of March 31, 2023:
2Q2023 3Q2023 4Q2023 1Q2024 2Q2024
NYMEX WTI Crude Swaps
Average Volume Per Day (bbl) 2,400  2,807  2,657  462  462 
Weighted Average Swap Price ($/bbl) $ 54.26  $ 54.92  $ 54.93  $ 58.75  $ 58.75 
NYMEX WTI Crude Collars
Average Volume Per Day (bbl) 23,214  16,304  8,967 
Weighted Average Purchased Put Price ($/bbl) $ 67.81  $ 72.50  $ 72.27 
Weighted Average Sold Call Price ($/bbl) $ 78.89  $ 88.35  $ 87.57 
MEH WTI CMA Crude Differential Swaps
Average Volume Per Day (bbl) 13,187 
Weighted Average Swap Price ($/bbl) $ 2.03 
Average Volume Per Day (MMBtu) 7,500 
Weighted Average Swap Price ($/MMBtu) $ 3.690 
NYMEX HH Collars
Average Volume Per Day (MMBtu) 11,538  11,413  11,413  11,538  11,538 
Weighted Average Purchased Put Price ($/MMBtu) $ 2.500  $ 2.500  $ 2.500  $ 2.500  $ 2.328 
Weighted Average Sold Call Price ($/MMBtu) $ 2.682  $ 2.682  $ 2.682  $ 3.650  $ 3.000 
HSC Basis Swaps
Average Volume Per Day (MMBtu) 19,038  11,413  11,413 
HSC Basis Average Fixed Price ($/MMBtu) $ (0.153) $ (0.153) $ (0.153)
HSC Index Swap
Average Volume Per Day (MMBtu) 6,319 
HSC Index Average Fixed Price ($/MMBtu) $ (0.045)
OPIS Mt. Belvieu Ethane Swaps
Average Volume per Day (gal) 98,901  34,239  34,239  34,615 
Weighted Average Fixed Price ($/gal) $ 0.2288  $ 0.2275  $ 0.2275  $ 0.2275 
1    NYMEX WTI refers to New York Mercantile Exchange West Texas Intermediate and MEH refers to Magellan East Houston that serve as benchmarks for crude oil. NYMEX HH refers to NYMEX Henry Hub that serves as the benchmark for natural gas. HSC refers to Houston Ship Channel that serves as another benchmark for natural gas. OPIS Mt. Belvieu refers to Oil Price Information Service Mt. Belvieu that serves as the benchmark for ethane which represents a commodity proxy for NGLs.

Interest Rate Derivatives
Through May 2022, we had a series of interest rate swap contracts (the “Interest Rate Swaps”) establishing fixed interest rates on a portion of our variable interest rate indebtedness. The notional amount of the Interest Rate Swaps totaled $300 million, with us paying a weighted average fixed rate of 1.36% on the notional amount, and the counterparties paying a variable rate equal to LIBOR. As of March 31, 2023, we did not have any interest rate derivatives.
Financial Statement Impact of Derivatives
The impact of our derivative activities on net income (loss) is included within Derivatives gains (losses) on our condensed consolidated statements of operations. Derivative contracts that have expired at the end of a period, but for which cash had not been received or paid as of the balance sheet date, have been recognized as components of Accounts receivable, net of allowance for credit losses (see Note 4) and Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (see Note 9) on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities include derivative gains and losses and cash settlements that are reported under Net (gains) losses and Cash settlements and premiums paid, net, on our condensed consolidated statements of cash flows, respectively.
The following table summarizes the effects of our derivative activities for the periods presented:
Three Months Ended March 31,
  2023 2022
Interest rate swap gains recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations $ —  $ 83 
Commodity gains (losses) recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of operations 25,658  (167,970)
$ 25,658  $ (167,887)
Interest rate cash settlements recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows $ —  $ (938)
Commodity cash settlements and premiums paid recognized in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows (7,358) (28,470)
$ (7,358) $ (29,408)
The following table summarizes the fair values of our derivative instruments, which we elect to present on a gross basis, as well as the locations of these instruments on our condensed consolidated balance sheets as of the dates presented:
Fair Values
    March 31, 2023 December 31, 2022
Type Balance Sheet Location Derivative Assets Derivative Liabilities Derivative Assets Derivative Liabilities
Commodity contracts Derivative assets/liabilities – current $ 23,756  $ 32,286  $ 29,714  $ 67,933 
Commodity contracts Derivative assets/liabilities – non-current 216  1,320  316  3,416 
    $ 23,972  $ 33,606  $ 30,030  $ 71,349 
As of March 31, 2023, we reported net commodity derivative liabilities of $9.6 million. The contracts associated with these positions are with seven counterparties for commodity derivatives, all of which are investment grade financial institutions and are participants in our revolving credit facility (the “Credit Facility”). This concentration may impact our overall credit risk in that these counterparties may be similarly affected by changes in economic or other conditions. Non-performance risk is incorporated by utilizing discount rates adjusted for the credit risk of our counterparties if the derivative is in an asset position, and our own credit risk if the derivative is in a liability position.
The agreements underlying our derivative instruments include provisions for the netting of settlements with the counterparties for contracts of similar type. We have neither paid to, nor received from, our counterparties any cash collateral in connection with our derivative positions. Furthermore, our derivative contracts are not subject to margin calls or similar accelerations. No significant uncertainties exist related to the collectability of amounts that may be owed to us by these counterparties.
See Note 10 for information regarding the fair value of our derivative instruments.